Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Oleuropein aglycone: A polyphenol with different targets against amyloid toxicity.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2018 Mar 21 ;1862(6):1432-1442. Epub 2018 Mar 21. PMID: 29571746
BACKGROUND: Many data highlight the benefits of the Mediterranean diet and its main lipid component, extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO). EVOO contains many phenolic compounds that have been found effective against several aging- and lifestyle-related diseases, including neurodegeneration. Oleuropein, a phenolic secoiroid glycoside, is the main polyphenol in the olive oil. It has been reported that the aglycone form of Oleuropein (OleA) interferes in vitro and in vivo with amyloid aggregation of a number of proteins/peptides involved in amyloid, particularly neurodegenerative, diseases avoiding the growth of toxic oligomers and displaying protection against cognitive deterioration.
METHODS: In this study, we carried out a cellular and biophysical study on the relationships between the effects of OleA on the aggregation and cell interactions of the D76Nβ2-microglobulin (D76N b2m) variant associated with a familial form of systemic amyloidosis with progressive bowel dysfunction and extensive visceral amyloid deposits.
RESULTS: Our results indicate that OleA protection against D76N b2m cytotoxicity results from i) a modification of the conformational and biophysical properties of its amyloid fibrils; ii) a modification of the cell bilayer surface properties of exposed cells.
CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals that OleA remodels not only D76N b2m aggregates but also the cell membrane interfering with the misfolded proteins-cell membrane association, in most cases an early event triggering amyloid-mediated cytotoxicity.
GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: The data provided in the present article focus on OleA protection, featuring this polyphenol as a promising plant molecule useful against amyloid diseases.