Low-Molecular-Weight Oligonol, a Polyphenol Derived from Lychee Fruit, Attenuates Experimental Reflux Esophagitis and HCl/Ethanol-Induced Gastric Ulcer.
J Med Food. 2017 Dec ;20(12):1214-1221. PMID: 29243969
Oligonol, a polyphenol derived from lychee fruit, is produced by an oligomerization process that converts high-molecular-weight polyphenol polymers into low-molecular-weight oligomers. Evidence suggests that oligonol exerts its beneficial effects based on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study was the first to investigate the antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of oligonol on gastroesophageal inflammatory models: surgically induced acute reflux esophagitis (RE) and gastric ulcer (GU) induced by HCl/ethanol. In the in vitro study, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazolin-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical scavenging assays were performed to determine the antioxidant activity of oligonol. The experimental groups were each composed of normal, vehicle, and oligonol groups. RE rats and GU mice were treated orally with oligonol (100 mg/kg bw) or distilled water as a vehicle (n = 8 for each group). Oligonol exhibited potent free radical-scavenging capacities for DPPH and ABTS radicals, activities that were similar to those of ascorbic acid. The in vivo study revealed that oligonol consumption significantly prevented RE and GU formation and decreased the gross mucosal injury from oxidative stress. Oligonol decreased the reactive oxygen species levels and elevated levels of both inflammatory mediators and cytokines (p-IκB, NF-κBp65, COX-2, iNOS, TNF-α, and IL-1β) in the RE and GU models. Oligonol had a protectiveeffect against oxidative stress by regulating antioxidant enzyme (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and GPx-1/2) activities in GU mice. Oligonol has potential as a preventive and therapeutic agent for gastroesophageal inflammatory diseases, including RE and GU.