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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Oligonol improves memory and cognition under an amyloidβ(25-35)-induced Alzheimer's mouse model.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Res. 2014 Jul ;34(7):595-603. Epub 2014 Jun 14. PMID: 25150118

Abstract Author(s):

Yoon Young Choi, Takahiro Maeda, Hajime Fujii, Takako Yokozawa, Hyun Young Kim, Eun Ju Cho, Takayuki Shibamoto

Article Affiliation:

Yoon Young Choi

Abstract:

Alzheimer's disease is an age-dependent progressive neurodegenerative disorder that results in impairments of memory and cognitive function. It is hypothesized that oligonol has ameliorative effects on memory impairment and reduced cognitive functions in mice with Alzheimer's disease induced by amyloidβ(25-35) (Aβ(25-35)) injection. The protective effect of an oligonol against Aβ(25-35)-induced memory impairment was investigated in an in vivo Alzheimer's mouse model. The aggregation of Aβ25-35 was induced by incubation at 37°C for 3 days before injection into mice brains (5 nmol/mouse), andthen oligonol was orally administered at 100 and 200 mg/kg of body weight for 2 weeks. Memory and cognition were observed in T-maze, object recognition, and Morris water maze tests. The group injected with Aβ(25-35) showed impairments in both recognition and memory. However, novel object recognition and new route awareness abilities were dose dependently improved by the oral administration of oligonol. In addition, the results of the Morris water maze test indicated that oligonol exerted protective activity against cognitive impairment induced by Aβ(25-35). Furthermore, nitric oxide formation and lipid peroxidation were significantly elevated by Aβ(25-35), whereas oligonol treatment significantly decreased nitric oxide formation and lipid peroxidation in the brain, liver, and kidneys. The present results suggest that oligonol improves Aβ(25-35)-induced memory deficit and cognition impairment.

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