Omega-3 fatty acids improve flow-induced vasodilation by enhancing TRPV4 in arteries from diet-induced obese mice.
Cardiovasc Res. 2020 Oct 18. Epub 2020 Oct 18. PMID: 33070195
AIMS: Previous studies have shown the intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are associated with low rates of obesity and ischemic pathologies. Omega-3 also have anti-inflammatory and plaque-stabilization effects and regulate vasodilation and constriction. However, there are few studies of the role of omega-3 in flow-induced vasodilation involving Ca2+-permeable ion channel TRPV4 in high-fat diet-induced obese (DIO) mouse. Here, we determined whether omega-3 protect against vascular dysfunction induced by high-fat diet by enhancing TRPV4 activity and subsequently improving flow-mediated vasodilation.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Flow-mediated vasodilation in 2nd-order mesenteric arteries from mice was measured using a pressure myograph. The intracellular Ca2+ concentration in response to flow and GSK1016790A (a TRPV4 agonist) was measured by Fluo-4 fluorescence. Whole-cell current was measured by patch clamp. Cell membrane tether force was measured by atomic force microscopy. Impairment of flow-mediated vasodilation in arteries and Ca2+ influx in endothelial cells from DIO mice was restored by omega-3 treatment. The improved flow-induced vasodilation was inhibited by the TRPV4 antagonist HC067047 and in TRPV4-/- mice. Omega-3 treatment enhanced endothelial TRPV4 activity and altered cell membrane mechanic property, as indicated by enhanced GSK1016790A-induced Ca2+ influx and whole-cell current and altered membrane mean tether force in endothelial cells from DIO mice.
CONCLUSION: Omega-3 improve vascular function by improving flow-induced vasodilation via enhancing TRPV4 activity in the endothelium of obese mice which may be related to improved cell membrane physical property. Activation of TRPV4 in endothelium plays an important role in the protective mechanisms of omega-3 against vascular dysfunction in obesity by improving flow-mediated vasodilation.
TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: Omega-3 improve the endothelial function via enhancing TRPV4 activity and augmenting the endothelial-dependent flow-induced vasodilation in DIO mice resistance arteries. This study provides a strategy of improving vascular function under obesity, namely, by targeting TRPV4 via the usage of omega-3.