Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids reduces liver ﬁbrosis and promotes liver regeneration. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids prevent progression of liver fibrosis and promote liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy in cirrhotic rats.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2019 Nov ;23(22):10151-10160. PMID: 31799687
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) on liver regeneration of rats with liver cirrhosis after hepatectomy and antiﬁbrosis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids were intravenously injected in n-3 PUFA group 3 days before the operation to 1 day after partial hepatectomy. 70% hepatectomy was performed in rats, which were subsequently divided into 4 groups, namely normal and hepatectomy group (PH); liver cirrhosis and hepatectomy group (LC+PH); liver cirrhosis, n-3 PUFA (1 mL/kg), and hepatectomy group (LC+n-3 PUFA+PH); liver cirrhosis, n-3 PUFA (2 mL/kg) and hepatectomy group (LC+n-3PUFA*+PH). Body/liver weight ratios, serum parameters, histopathological examination, immunostaining, inflammatory cytokine and quantiﬁcation of mRNA expression were also investigated.
RESULTS: Liver regeneration was significantly delayed compared with PH group 7 days after hepatectomy (PH) in LC+PH group. Besides, liver regeneration of LC+n-3 PUFA*+PH group increased significantly compared with LC+PH group 7 days after PH. In LC+PH group, liver cirrhotic was significantly higher compared with LC+n-3 PUFA+PH group 7 days after PH. In the meantime, liver cirrhosis of LC+n-3 PUFA*+PH group was significantly reduced compared with LC+n-3 PUFA+PH group 7 days after PH. Anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was increased and pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-6 was decreased in LC+n-3 PUFA*+PH group compared with LC+PH group. N-3 PUFA also suppressed increments in mRNA expression for transforming growth factor-β and up-regulated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and matrix metalloproteinase-1 in the liver.
CONCLUSIONS: The mentioned results clearly show that n-3 PUFA reduces liverﬁbrosis and promotes liver regeneration, even under cirrhotic conditions. This could be a potentially useful treatment for liver cirrhosis.