Oncolytic Virus with Attributes of Vesicular Stomatitis Virus and Measles Virus in Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Cancers.
Mol Ther Oncolytics. 2020 Sep 25 ;18:546-555. Epub 2020 Aug 19. PMID: 32839735
Bolni Marius Nagalo
Recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-fusion and hemagglutinin (FH) was developed by substituting the promiscuous VSV-G glycoprotein (G) gene in the backbone of VSV with genes encoding for the measles virus envelope proteins F and H. Hybrid VSV-FH exhibited a multifaceted mechanism of cancer-cell killing and improved neurotolerability over parental VSV in preclinical studies. In this study, we evaluated VSV-FHandin models of hepatobiliary and pancreatic cancers. Our results indicate that high intrahepatic doses of VSV-FH did not result in any significant toxicity and were well tolerated by transgenic mice expressing the measles virus receptor CD46. Furthermore, a single intratumoral treatment with VSV-FH yielded improved survival and complete tumor regressions in a proportion of mice in the Hep3B hepatocellular carcinoma model but not in mice xenografted with BxPC-3 pancreatic cancer cells. Our preliminary findings indicate that VSV-FH can induce potent oncolysis in hepatocellular and pancreatic cancer cell lines with concordant resultsin hepatocellular cancer and discordant in pancreatic cancer without the VSV-mediated toxic effects previously observed in laboratory animals. Further study of VSV-FH as an oncolytic virotherapy is warranted in hepatocellular carcinoma and pancreatic cancer to understand broader applicability and mechanisms of sensitivity and resistance.