Onion Peel Extract Increases Erythrocyte Membrane n-3 Fatty Acids in Overweight and Obese Korean Subjects.
J Med Food. 2020 Jan ;23(1):37-42. Epub 2019 Dec 19. PMID: 31855493
The association between obesity and erythrocyte fatty acids (FAs) has been suggested; however, there have been no studies on the effects of onion peel extract (OPE) on the composition of erythrocyte FAs. This study aimed to investigate the effects of OPE on the composition of erythrocyte FAs in overweight and obese subjects. This was a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial conducted in overweight and obese Korean subjects. The placebo and OPE groups were taking placebo capsule or OPE capsule twice per day for 12 weeks. Body composition and fat distribution were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The OPE group showed significantly reduced body weight, body mass index, body fat mass, and percentage of body fat mass. After 12 weeks, eicosapentaenoic acid and monounsaturated FAs of the placebo group were significantly lower at baseline. Consumption of OPE ameliorated the decreasing polyunsaturated n-3 polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) n-3 and increasing PUFA n-6, which prevented an increased n-6/n-3 ratio. The changes in arm fat percentage (ARFATP), trunk fat percentage, and total fat percentage (FATP) were negatively correlated with the change in PUFA n-3. In addition, increased erythrocyte docosahexaenoic acid was associated with decreased ARFATP and FATP. These results suggest that OPE has beneficial effects on obesity by regulating erythrocyte n-6/n-3 ratio and preventing fat accumulation in various body regions.