Oral contraceptive use is associated with hypoandrogenism. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Changes in androgens during treatment with four low-dose contraceptives.
Contraception. 1996 Mar;53(3):171-6. PMID: 8689882
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Nijmegen St. Radboud, The Netherlands.
The aim of the present study was to compare changes in the endogenous androgen environment in healthy women while on low-dose oral contraceptives (OCs). One-hundred healthy women were randomized to receive one of four OCs during six months: 21 tablets of Cilest, Femodeen, Marvelon, or Mercilon. During the luteal phase of the pretreatment cycle, body weight and blood pressure were recorded and the following parameters were measured: sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG), testosterone (T), free testosterone (FT), 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT), androstenedione (A), dehydroepiandrosterone-sulphate (DHEA-S) and 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (170HP) while also the free androgen index (FAI) was calculated. Measurements were repeated during the 3rd week of pill intake in the 4th and the 6th pill month. There were no differences on body mass and blood pressure with the use of the four OCs. The mean serum DHEA-S decreased significantly in all groups though less in the Mercilon group when compared to Cilest and Marvelon (approximately 20% vs 45%). Mean serum SHBG and CBG increased significantly in all four groups approximately 250% and 100%, respectively. In each group CBG also increased significantly but less in women taking Mercilon (-75%) as compared to the others (-100%). Current low-dose OCs were found to have similar impact on the endogenous androgen metabolism with significant decreases of serum testosterone, DHT, A, and DHEA-S. They may be equally beneficial in women with androgen related syndromes such as acne and hirsutism.