The effect of oral capsule of curcumin and vitamin E on the hot flashes and anxiety in postmenopausal women: A triple blind randomised controlled trial.
Complement Ther Med. 2020 Jan ;48:102267. Epub 2019 Nov 26. PMID: 31987231
OBJECTIVE: The decline and eventual cessation of estrogen production cause a variety of symptoms during menopause, affecting each woman differently. Most women reported severe hot flashes and night sweats during menopause. The present study aimed to determine and compare the efficacy of curcumin and vitamin E on hot flashes and anxiety (primary objectives), sexual function, menopausal symptoms and adverse effects (secondary objectives).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a triple-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. The participants consisted of 93 postmenopausal women in Ahar city-Iran. They were assigned into three groups (two intervention groups and one control group). The first intervention group received oral capsule of curcumin (500 mg), the second intervention group was given oral tablets of vitamin E (200 IU/day), and the third group (control) received placebo twice a day for eight weeks. The participants completed the hot flash checklist one week before the intervention, and 4 weeks and 8 weeks after the intervention. They also filled out the Anxiety Scale, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the Greene Climacteric Scale before the intervention, and 4 weeks and 8 weeks after the intervention. One-way ANOVA, repeated measures ANOVA and ANCOVA tests were used for data analysis.
RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between groups in terms of demographic characteristics, mean number of hot flashes, mean score of anxiety, sexual function index and menopausal symptoms before the intervention (p > 0.05). The mean age of participants was 51.7 years. Mean number of hot flashes in the curcumin group (adjusted mean difference = -10.7, 95%confidence interval = -3.6 to -17.9, P = 0.001) and in the vitamin E group (-8.7, -0.6 to -15.0, P = 0.029) was significantly lower than the placebo group after the intervention. The first significant effect of curcumin on hot flashes was observed after four weeks (P = 0.027). However, there was no significant difference between vitamin E group and placebo four weeks after intervention (P = 0.052) and the first significant effectof vitamin E on hot flashes was observed after eight weeks (P = 0.025). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of sexual function index, anxiety and menopausal symptoms (P > 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that oral intake of curcumin and vitamin E significantly reduced hot flashes in postmenopausal women but had no significant effect on anxiety, sexual function and menopausal symptoms.