Orange peel flavonoids inhibit experimental adjuvant-induced rat arthritis. - GreenMedInfo Summary
[Effect and mechanism of total flavonoids of orange peel on rat adjuvant arthritis].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2010 May;35(10):1298-301. PMID: 20707201
Research Center of Medical Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the total flavonoids of orange peel (TFO) against adjuvant arthritis (AA) and the underlying mechanism. METHOD: AA model was induced in male Wistar (correction of SD) rats by immunization with Freund's complete adjuvant Pad thickness was assayed by caliper. Pathological impairment of ankle joint was analysised by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, Interleukin (IL)-1beta and prostaglandin (PG) E2 in serum was detected by radioimmunoassay method. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression in synovium tissues was measured by Western blot assay. RESULT: The 75 mg x kg(-1) and 150 mg x kg(-1) TFO treatment obviously decreased the pad thickness and improve the pathological impairment of ankle joint of AA rats. In addition, abnormal elevation of TNF-alpha, IL-1beta and PGE2 in serum and COX-2 expression in synovium tissues of AA rats were markedly repressed by TFO treatment. CONCLUSION: TFO can inhibit the development of AA in rats, and the mechanism were likely due to depressing inflammatory mediators production.