Organic acid conjugated phenolic compounds of hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta) and their NF-κB inhibitory activity.
Food Chem. 2020 Mar 5 ;308:125666. Epub 2019 Oct 18. PMID: 31655481
Jong Hoon Ahn
Nine new compounds, argutinosides A-I (1-9) together with 20 known compounds (10-29), were isolated from the fruits of Actinidia arguta. Using spectral analysis, the structures of the isolated compounds were identified as 10 succinic acid derivatives, 11 quinic acid derivatives, two shikimic acid derivatives and six citric acid derivatives. The NF-κB transcriptional inhibitory activity of the compounds was evaluated using RAW 264.7 macrophages cells induced by lipopolysaccharide. Among four groups of different organic acid derivatives, the quinic acid derivatives inhibited NF-κB transcriptional activity with an ICvalue of 4.0 μM. Fruit is rich in organic acid and secondary metabolites, which differ depending on the type of fruit. Our present study showed the presence of various organic acids conjugates including nine new 2-methylsuccinic acid phenolic conjugates in kiwiberry and compared their biological activities.This will contribute to application of kiwiberry and also the diversity of different fruits.