Oridonin induces apoptosis in uveal melanoma cells by upregulation of Bim and downregulation of Fatty Acid Synthase.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 Feb 6 ;457(2):187-93. Epub 2014 Dec 27. PMID: 25545058
Oridonin is an orally available drug isolated from Traditional Chinese Medicine. Previous studies with oridonin have demonstrated broad-spectrum anticancer activity in a variety of cancer types. However, the effect of oridonin in uveal melanoma has not been addressed. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether oridonin elicited anticancer activity and its underlying mechanism in human uveal melanoma cells. We demonstrated that oridonin potently reduced cell viability, induced apoptosis and inhibited clonogenic survival and growth with single digit micromolar concentrations in uveal melanoma OCM-1 and MUM2B cell lines. We found that oridonin markedly increased the expression of proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein Bim in uveal melanoma cells, and knockdown Bim by small interfering RNA significantly attenuated oridonin-induced cell death, indicating an essential role of Bim in oridonin-mediated anticancer activity. Additionally, we observed that oridonin suppressed Fatty Acid Synthase (FAS) expression in uveal melanoma cells, and enforced FAS expression by insulin partially rescued the cells from oridonin-induced apoptosis, showing that inhibition of FAS also contributed to oridonin-mediated apoptosis. Taken together, we reported that oridonin displays potent anticancer effect against uveal melanoma cells through upregulation of Bim and inhibition of FAS. Since oridonin is a popular anticancer agent, our study therefore may have translational implication on the management of patients with uveal melanoma.