Oxidation by thimerosal increases calcium levels in renal tubular cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Oxidation by thimerosal increases calcium levelsin renal tubular cells.
Pharmacol Toxicol. 2003 Sep ;93(3):123-7. PMID: 12969436
The effect of thimerosal, a reactive oxidant, on cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells was explored by using the Ca2+-sensitive dye fura-2. Thimerosal acted in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC50 of 0.5 microM. The Ca2+ signal comprised a gradual rise and a sustained elevation. Removal of extracellular Ca2+ reduced 80% of the signal. In Ca2+-free medium, the [Ca2+]i rise induced by 1 microM thapsigargin (an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ pump inhibitor) was completely inhibited by pretreatment with 5 microM thimerosal. The thimerosal (5 microM)-induced Ca2+ release was not changed by inhibition of phospholipase C with 2 microM U73122. Collectively, this study shows that thimerosal induced [Ca2+]i rises in renal tubular cells via releasing store Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores in a manner independent of phospholipase C activity.