Paeoniflorin attenuates early brain injury through reducing oxidative stress and neuronal apoptosis after subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats.
Metab Brain Dis. 2020 Apr 3. Epub 2020 Apr 3. PMID: 32246322
Paeoniflorin is a natural monoterpene glucoside from Paeoniae Radix with neuroprotective properties. However, it is still unclear whether paeoniflorin has neuroprotective effects on subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study explores the effect of paeoniflorin on early brain injury (EBI) using rat SAH model. We found that paeoniflorin significantly improves neurological deficits, attenuates brain water content and Evans blue extravasation at 72 h after SAH. Paeoniflorin attenuates the oxidative stress following SAH as evidenced by decrease of reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), 3-Nitrotyrosine, and 8-Hydroxy-2-deoxy guanosine (8-OHDG) level, increase of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and catalase activity, and up-regulates the nuclear factor erythroid‑related factor 2 (Nrf2)/heme oxygenase‑1 (HO-1) pathway. Inhibition of microglia activation and neuro-inflammatory response both contributed to paeoniflorin's protective effects. Moreover, paeoniflorin treatment significantly reduces the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2, active caspase-3/ neuronal nuclei (NeuN) and TUNEL/DAPI positive cells at 72 h following SAH. Our results indicate that paeoniflorin may attenuate early brain injury after experimental SAH.