Paeoniflorin Atttenuates Amyloidogenesis and the Inflammatory Responses in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.
Neurochem Res. 2015 Aug ;40(8):1583-92. Epub 2015 Jun 12. PMID: 26068144
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with the inflammatory response in response to amyloidβ-peptide (Aβ). Previous studies have suggested that paeoniflorin (PF) shows anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects in inflammation-related diseases. However, the impacts of PF on AD have not been investigated. In the present study, we showed that a 4-week treatment with PF could significantly inhibit Aβ burden, Aβ-induced over activation of astrocytes and microglia, downregulation of proinflammatory cytokines, and upregulation of anti-inflammatory cytokines in the brain. In addition, we demonstrated that chronic treatment with PF inhibited the activation of glycogen synthase kinase3β (GSK-3β) and reversed neuroinflammtory-induced activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways. Moreover, PF exerted inhibitory effects on NALP3 inflammasome, caspase-1, and IL-1β. Collectively, in the present study, we demonstrated that PF exhibits neuroprotective effects inamyloid precursor protein (APP) and presenilin 1 (PS1) double-transgenic (APP/PS1) mice via inhibiting neuroinflammation mediated by the GSK-3β and NF-κB signaling pathways and nucleotide-binding domain-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome. Thus, these results suggest that PF might be useful to intervene in development or progression of neurodegeneration in AD through its anti-inflammatory and anti-amyloidogenic effects.