Paeoniflorin in experimental BALB/c mansoniasis: A novel anti-angiogenic therapy.
Exp Parasitol. 2019 Feb ;197:85-92. Epub 2018 Nov 8. PMID: 30414842
Naglaa Fathy Abd El-Aal
Chronic hepatic schistosomiasis causes portal hypertension, fibrosis and lethal hepatosplenic complications. Previous studies focused mainly on schistosomicidal drugs and neglected the therapeutic approaches against the vascular complications after portal hypertension. Investigating a novel anti-angiogenic therapy is an urgent. The current study is to evaluate the performance of Paeoniflorin (PAE) as an anti-angiogenic therapy, being a powerful anti-fibrotic, compared to artemether (ART) and praziqantel (PZQ) in schistosomiasis mansoni BALB/c mice. Thirty two laboratory bred male BALB/c Swiss albino mice. The mice were classified into four groups (8 mice each), control infected (CI), PZQ (300 mg/kg/12 h), ART (0.1 ml/mg/d) and PAE (50 mg/kg/d) treated groups for one month. All mice groups were sacrificed 15 weeks post infection for assessment of the drugs' efficacy by parasitological, histopathological and immunohistochemical studies. Our results in PAE group showed marked reduction in the mean egg count/gram stool, worm burden, egg count/gram liver tissue, granuloma diameter and pro-angiogenic factors as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and CD34; conversely, there was an augmentation of the tissue inhibitor metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) as an anti-angiogenic expression that was exceeded ART and PZQ treated groups compared to CI group (p˂0.001). Conclusively, PAE has an anti-angiogenic impact with no vascular proliferative activity or recanalization, no micro-vessel density (MVD)changes, granuloma resolution and fibrosis regression. PAE is predicted to be a potential therapy for chronic hepatic diseases associated with fibrosis and angiogenesis, hopeful in protecting from advanced serious complications; cancer and metastasis.