Abstract Title:

Paeonol exhibits anti-tumor effects by apoptotic and anti-inflammatory activities in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene induced oral carcinogenesis.

Abstract Source:

Biotech Histochem. 2019 Jan ;94(1):10-25. Epub 2018 Aug 13. PMID: 30101628

Abstract Author(s):

Duraisamy Ramachandhiran, Veerasamy Vinothkumar, Sukumar Babukumar

Article Affiliation:

Duraisamy Ramachandhiran


We investigated the preventive potential of paeonol on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced oral carcinogenesis. Oral tumors were developed in the buccal pouches of Syrian golden hamsters using topical application of 0.5% DMBA three times/week for 10 weeks. DMBA treated hamsters developed hyperplasia, dysplasia and well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The animals also exhibited increased lipid oxidation, decreased antioxidant status and altered levels of detoxification agents. Paeonol treatment of DMBA treated hamsters for 14 weeks decreased tumor incidence, volume and burden Paeonol treatment also increased antioxidant activity and decreased lipid oxidation to near normal levels. Histomorphology and the expression patterns of mutant p53, cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2) and caspase-9 were investigated in the oral buccal mucosa. Paeonolexhibited protective effects against DMBA induced oral carcinogenesis owing to its antitumor, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and apoptosis inducing properties.

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