Paeonol induces protective autophagy in retinal photoreceptor cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Paeonol Induces Protective Autophagy in Retinal Photoreceptor Cells.
Front Pharmacol. 2021 ;12:667959. Epub 2021 May 26. PMID: 34122088
Retinal photoreceptor (RP) cells are widely involved in retina-related diseases, and oxidative stress plays a critical role in retinal secondary damage. Herein, we investigated the effectiveness and potential mechanisms of autophagy of paeonol (Pae) in terms of oxidation resistance.The animal model was induced by light damage (LD), whereas themodel was established by HOstimulation. The effectiveness of Pae was evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay, immunofluorescence, transmission electron microscopy, electroretinogram, and Western blot analysis, and the underlying mechanisms of Pae were assessed by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay, and Western blot analysis in 661W cells. We mainly evaluated the effects of Pae on apoptosis and autophagy.Increased apoptosis of the LD-induced and decreased autophagy of RPs were mitigated by Pae treatment. Pea, which increased the expression of mitochondrial functional protein cytochrome c, reversed the decreased cell viability and autophagy induced by oxidative stress in 661W cells. Experiments showed that autophagy was downregulated in PINK1/Parkin dependent and the BNIP3L/Nix dependent pathways under HOstimulation and was upregulated by Pae treatment. Pae increased the cell viability and reduced ROS levels through autophagy.Pretreatment with Pae preserved RP cells by enhancing autophagy, which protected retinal function.