Paeonol-mediated apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells by NF-κB pathway. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Paeonol-mediated apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells by NF-κB pathway.
Oncol Lett. 2019 Feb ;17(2):1761-1767. Epub 2018 Nov 19. PMID: 30675235
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of paeonol on the apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and to explore the possible mechanism of its effect. During the experiment, the human hepatoma (Huh7) cell line was cultured and treated with different concentrations of paeonol. A 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was used to detect the effects of paeonol at different concentrations on the proliferation of Huh7 cells after 24 h, and the optimal concentration of paeonol was selected for follow-up experiments. Huh7 cells were divided into the blank control group (C group), parthenolide [(an inhibitor of nuclear factorκ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB)] group (CE group), paeonol group (PO group), and paeonol + tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) (an activator of NF-κB) group (PN group). The effect of paeonol on the apoptosis of Huh7 cells was detected via flow cytometry and Hoechst staining, respectively. The expression levels of NF-κB and protein apoptosis inhibitor-5 (p-API-5) were detected by semi-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot analysis, respectively, and the activity of NF-κB in cells was measured by NF-κB p65/50. After determination of the effects ofpaeonol at different concentrations on Huh7 cells by MTT assay, it was found that paeonol at the concentration of 200-800 µM could inhibit the proliferation of Huh7 cells (P<0.01), with 500µM phenol being selected as the treatment concentration for follow-up experiments. Results of flow cytometry and Hoechst staining showed that the apoptotic levels of Huh7 cells in the PO and CE groups were significantly increased compared with that in the C group, and that in the PO group was higher than that in the PN group. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.01). Results of semi-quantitative PCR and western blot analysis revealed that the expression levels of NF-κB and p-API-5 in the PO and CE groups were significantly lower than those in the C group, and those in the PO group were lower than those in the PN group. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.01). The expression level of NF-κB p65/50 in the PO group was significantly lower than that in the C group (P<0.01). The results suggest that paeonol can significantly increase the apoptosis rate of Huh7 cells, and the possible mechanism of inducing apoptosis is related to the downregulation of NF-κB and p-API-5 and inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway.