Is exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in adult coeliac disease a cause of persisting symptoms?
Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Feb 1;25(3):265-71. PMID: 17269988
Department of Gastroenterology, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals Trust, Sheffield, UK. firstname.lastname@example.org
BACKGROUND: Patients with coeliac disease may have diarrhoea despite being on a gluten-free diet. AIM: To assess whether exocrine pancreatic insufficiency causes persisting symptoms compared with controls, we determined whether pancreatic enzyme supplementation provided symptomatic benefit in coeliac patients with chronic diarrhoea. METHODS: Patients (n = 259) were subdivided into four groups: (a) new coeliac disease (n = 57), (b) coeliac disease patients on a gluten-free diet without gastrointestinal symptoms (n = 86), (c) coeliac disease patients on a gluten-free diet with chronic diarrhoea (n = 66) and (d) patients with chronic diarrhoea without coeliac disease (n = 50). Stool frequency and weight, before and after treatment with pancreatic enzyme supplementation were recorded. RESULTS: The prevalence of a low faecal elastase-1 within the groups was: group (A) six of 57 (11%), group (B) five of 86 (6%), group (C) 20 of 66 (30%) and group (D) two of 50 (4%). Low faecal elastase-1 was more frequent in coeliac disease patients with chronic diarrhoea vs. other subgroups of coeliac disease (P