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Abstract Title:

The Cardiovascular Effects of Cocoa Polyphenols-An Overview.

Abstract Source:

Diseases. 2016 Dec 17 ;4(4). Epub 2016 Dec 17. PMID: 28933419

Abstract Author(s):

Ana Clara Aprotosoaie, Anca Miron, Adriana Trifan, Vlad Simon Luca, Irina-Iuliana Costache

Article Affiliation:

Ana Clara Aprotosoaie

Abstract:

Cocoa is a rich source of high-quality antioxidant polyphenols. They comprise mainly catechins (29%-38% of total polyphenols), anthocyanins (4% of total polyphenols) and proanthocyanidins (58%-65% of total polyphenols). A growing body of experimental and epidemiological evidence highlights that the intake of cocoa polyphenols may reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Beyond antioxidant properties, cocoa polyphenols exert blood pressure lowering activity, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, metabolic and anti-atherosclerotic effects, and also improve endothelial function. This paper reviews the role of cocoa polyphenols in cardiovascular protection, with a special focus on mechanisms of action, clinical relevance and correlation between antioxidant activity and cardiovascular health.

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