[Progress in research of association between myopia and sunlight exposure in children].
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2016 Nov 10 ;37(11):1555-1560. PMID: 28057151
L L Zhai
Myopia has become a major health problem on global scale due to its increasing high prevalence in the past few decades and gradual younger onset age. Accumulated epidemiological surveys have shown that decreased time of exposure to sunlight would be an inducement for the development of myopia. Increasing time spent outdoors and exposure to sunlight might be the most cost-effective and effective measure for children to prevent myopia. This paper summarizes the progress in research of the association between sunlight exposure and myopia in children and its mechanisms to provide new clues for the research on myopia prevention and control.