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Abstract Title:

β-Patchoulene from patchouli oil protects against LPS-induced acute lung injury via suppressing NF-κB and activating Nrf2 pathways.

Abstract Source:

Int Immunopharmacol. 2017 Sep ;50:270-278. Epub 2017 Jul 13. PMID: 28711783

Abstract Author(s):

Xiao-Ying Chen, Yao-Xing Dou, Dan-Dan Luo, Zhen-Biao Zhang, Cai-Lan Li, Hui-Fang Zeng, Zi-Ren Su, Jian-Hui Xie, Xiao-Ping Lai, Yu-Cui Li

Article Affiliation:

Xiao-Ying Chen

Abstract:

β-Patchoulene (β-PAE), a tricyclic sesquiterpene isolated from the essential oil of the leaves and stems of Pogostemon cablin (Blanco) Benth., has been reported to have potent anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential protective effect of β-PAE on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice and to illuminate the underlying mechanisms. ALI was induced by intracheal instillation of LPS into lung, and dexamethasone (DEX) was used as a positive control. Results indicated that pretreatment with β-PAE significantly decreased the mortality rate of mice and lung W/D weight ratio, ameliorated lung pathological changes as compared to model group. Meanwhile, β-PAE pretreatment markedly inhibited the increase of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β secretions in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and prevented LPS-induced elevations of MPO activity and MDA level in the lung. Additionally, β-PAE pretreatment significantly elevated miR-146a expression and suppressed the LPS-induced activation of NF-κB and expression of its mediated genes (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β). β-PAE was also observed to markedly upregulate the Nrf2 and HO-1 expression andactivate the antioxidant genes (NQO-1, GCLC and HO-1). Taken together, β-PAE possessed protective effect against LPS-induced ALI, which might be associated with its differential regulation of NF-κB and Nrf2 activities and up-regulation of expression of miR-146a. The results rendered β-PAE a promising anti-inflammatory agent worthy of further development into a pharmaceutical drug for the treatment of ALI.

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