Patchouli Alcohol, a Compound from, Inhibits Obesity.
J Med Food. 2020 Mar ;23(3):326-334. Epub 2019 Nov 21. PMID: 31750759
Obesity predisposes people to a variety of chronic metabolic diseases. Identification of natural factors that prevent the development of obesity is likely to be the most successful means of ameliorating the current obesity epidemic. Patchouli alcohol is a sesquiterpene alcohol found inand possesses health benefit activities. This study was designed to examine if patchouli alcohol affects adipogenesis, and investigates the underlying mechanisms whereby patchouli alcohol exerts antiobesity effect. 3T3-L1 adipocytes were differentiated with treatment of different concentrations of patchouli alcohol. Anstudy was performed to test the effect of patchouli alcohol gavage on a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Treatment of patchouli alcohol reduced lipid accumulation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes in a dose-dependent manner without toxicity. Regarding mechanism, treatment of patchouli alcohol reduced expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR) and CCAAT-enhancer-binding protein-alpha (C/EBP) and increased expression of total and active-catenin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Oral gavage of patchouli alcohol led to a significant reduction of body weight and fat accumulation in the mice fed with HFD. Transcriptome analysis indicates that smad7 is most highly activated gene in patchouli alcohol-treated 3T3-L1 cells. Patchouli alcohol possesses health benefit effect through inhibiting adipogenesis and fat tissue development.