Abstract Title:

Iloperidone (Fanapt®), a novel atypical antipsychotic, is a potent HERG blocker and delays cardiac ventricular repolarization at clinically relevant concentration.

Abstract Source:

Pharmacol Res. 2012 Jul ;66(1):60-5. Epub 2012 Mar 23. PMID: 22465688

Abstract Author(s):

Patrick Vigneault, Sylvie Pilote, Dany Patoine, Chantale Simard, Benoit Drolet

Article Affiliation:

Faculté de pharmacie, Université Laval, Québec QC, Canada. patrick.vigneault@criucpq.ulaval.ca


QT interval prolongation on the electrocardiogram (ECG) has extensively been reported with iloperidone, a novel antipsychotic drug. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of iloperidone on cardiac ventricular repolarization at three different levels; in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo. (1) In vitro level: whole-cell patch-clamp experiments were performed on HERG-transfected HEK293 cells exposed to iloperidone 0.01-1μmol/L (n = 35 cells, total) to assess drug effect on HERG current. (2) Ex vivo level: Langendorff retroperfusion experiments were performed on isolated hearts from male Hartley guinea pigs (n = 7) exposed to iloperidone 100 nmol/L with/without chromanol 293B 10 μmol/L to assess drug-induced prolongation of monophasic action potential duration measured at 90% repolarization (MAPD(90)). (3) In vivo level: ECG recordings using wireless cardiac telemetry were performed in guinea pigs (n = 5) implanted with radio transmitters and treated with a single oral gavage dose of iloperidone 3 mg/kg. (1)Patch-clamp experiments revealed an estimated IC50 for iloperidone on HERG current of 161 ± 20 nmol/L. (2) While pacing the hearts at stimulation cycle lengths of 200 or 250 ms, or during natural sinus rhythm (no external pacing), iloperidone 100 nmol/L prolonged MAPD(90) by respectively 9.2 ± 0.9, 11.2 ± 1.6 and 21.4 ± 2.3 ms. After adding chromanol 293B, MAPD(90) was further prolonged by 7.3 ± 3.3, 11.5 ± 2.3 and 29.2 ± 6.7 ms, respectively. (3) Iloperidone 3mg/kg p.o. caused a maximal 42.7 ± 10.2 ms prolongation of corrected QT interval (QTc(F)), 40 min after administration. Iloperidone prolongs the QT interval, the cardiac action potentials and is a potent HERG blocker. Patients are at increased risk of cardiac proarrhythmia during iloperidone treatment, as this drug possesses significant cardiac repolarization-delaying properties at clinically relevant concentration.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Problem Substances : Iloperidone : CK(10) : AC(1)
Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Cardiotoxic : CK(810) : AC(124)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.