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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Rare cause of acute hepatitis: a common energy drink.

Abstract Source:

BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Nov 1 ;2016. Epub 2016 Nov 1. PMID: 27803015

Abstract Author(s):

Jennifer Nicole Harb, Zachary A Taylor, Vikas Khullar, Maryam Sattari

Article Affiliation:

Jennifer Nicole Harb

Abstract:

A previously healthy man aged 50 years presented with malaise, anorexia, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, generalised jaundice, scleral icterus and dark urine. He was not on any prescription or over-the-counter medications, but reported drinking 4-5 energy drinks daily for 3 weeks prior to presentation. Physical examination revealed jaundice and right upper quadrant abdominal tenderness. Laboratory studies were remarkable for transaminitis and evidence of chronic hepatitis C infection. Ultrasound scan demonstrated an echogenic liver and diffuse gallbladder wall thickening. Liver biopsy showed severe acute hepatitis withbridging necrosis and marked cholestasis. The patient was treated supportively with complete resolution of his symptoms and marked improvement in his laboratory abnormalities. The development of acute hepatitis in this patient was likely secondary to excessive energy drink consumption. Energy drinks as well as other herbal/over-the-counter supplements should be considered by clinicians in the workup of patients with acute hepatitis, particularly once other aetiologies have been excluded.

Study Type : Human: Case Report
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Risk Factors : CK(3057) : AC(392)
Problem Substances : Energy Drinks : CK(1) : AC(1)

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