Prospective 6 weeks follow-up post-cholecystectomy: the predictive value of pre-operative symptoms.
J Gastrointest Surg. 2009 Feb;13(2):304-11. Epub 2008 Oct 16. PMID: 18923876
CoRPS-Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic diseases, Department of Medical Psychology, Tilburg University, PO Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands.
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis report persisting symptoms after elective cholecystectomy. The current prospective follow-up study aims at the identification and valuation of risk factors for negative symptomatic outcome at 6 weeks.
METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 183), age 18-65 years, indicated for elective cholecystectomy due to symptomatic cholelithiasis, completed a self-report questionnaire. At 6 weeks post-operatively, the same self-report questionnaires were completed (n = 129). Predictors of the persistence and emergence of biliary and dyspeptic symptoms at 6 weeks post-cholecystectomy were investigated using univariate and multivariate logistic regression.
RESULTS: At 6 weeks post-operatively, the report of post-operative biliary symptoms was independently predicted by pre-operative dyspeptic symptoms (OR = 6.60) and bad taste (OR = 3.55). Pre-operative flatulence was an independent predictor of the report of biliary and dyspeptic symptoms ((OR = 3.33) and (OR = 3.27), respectively) and persisting biliary symptoms (OR = 4.21). Predictors of symptomatic outcome were only identified in women, not in men.
CONCLUSION: Patients with pre-operative dyspeptic symptoms, notably bad taste and flatulence, have an increased risk of negative post-cholecystectomy outcomes at 6 weeks. A symptom-specific approach should lead to optimalization of the indication of cholecystectomy and information of patients. Known risk factors for long-term outcomes might be valuable in female patients only.