Spread like a wildfire-The omnipresence of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) and its ever-expanding association with diseases in pigs.
Virus Res. 2012 Mar ;164(1-2):1-3. Epub 2011 Dec 14. PMID: 22192532
Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.
The discovery of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in 1998 initiated intensive research on arguably the most economically important pathogen facing the global swine industry today. PCV2 infection is now widespread worldwide, and increasing numbers of disease conditions have been linked to PCV2 infection in pigs. In this special issue of Virus Research, leading experts in the field review the history, epidemiology, transmission, clinical and pathological features, immunology, pathogenesis, molecular biology and vaccine development of PCV2 and porcine circovirus associated disease (PCVAD). In addition, circovirus-like DNA sequences recently identified from humans and other animal species and their biological significances are also reviewed. The articles in this special issue identify gaps in current PCV2 research and offer insights for the direction of future research.