Perinatal exposure to bisphenol A increases in the adulthood of the offspring the susceptibility to the human parasite Toxocara canis.
Environ Res. 2020 Mar 18 ;184:109381. Epub 2020 Mar 18. PMID: 32199324
Víctor H Del Río-Araiza
Bisphenol A, a very widespread environmental pollutant and endocrine disruptor compound, can interact with several steroid receptors, particularly with estrogen ones. In different studies, it has observed that the endocrine disruption during critical periods of development can trigger alterations in the immune response during the adult life. Male Wistar rats were exposed indirectly to BPA at a dose of 250 μg/kg day during the perinatal period (from day 5 of pregnancy until day 21 postnatal), At the 60 days of age, the adulthood, animals were infected with larvated eggs of the Toxocara canis, and were sacrificed at 7 days post-infection. Parasitic loads in the lung and in the liver were analyzed byartificial digestion. Furthermore, immune cell subpopulations (macrophages, NK cells, Tγδ, total T cells, T helper, T cytotoxic, and B lymphocytes) present in spleen, peripheral and mesenteric lymph nodes were analyzed by flow cytometry. The expression of Th1 and Th2 cytokines at the splenic level was determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Finally, the titers of specific antibodies against to the parasite were analyzed by ELISA. The BPA treatment administrated in the perinatally stage favors a significant increase of the percentage of Toxocara canis larvae in the lungs and liver in the adulthood. Additionally, the exposure to this compound caused a dramatically decrease in the production of specific antibodies against to this parasite, downregulating together Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), meanwhile upregulated Th1 cytokines (IFN-γ and TNF-α). Perinatal exposure to BPA affects the performance of the immune response during adult life, modifying both cytokines and antibodies production by these cells, which favors the susceptibility to infections, specifically toxocariosis.