Abstract Title:

Curcumin potentiates the anti-leukemia effects of imatinib by downregulation of the AKT/mTOR pathway and BCR/ABL gene expression in Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Abstract Source:

Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2015 Aug ;65:1-11. Epub 2015 May 12. PMID: 25979368

Abstract Author(s):

Yong Guo, Yi Li, Qingqing Shan, Guangcui He, Juan Lin, Yuping Gong

Article Affiliation:

Yong Guo

Abstract:

Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL) is triggered by BCR/ABL and SRC family tyrosine kinases. They interact with each other and subsequently activate downstream growth-signaling pathways, including Raf/MEK/ERK, Akt/mTOR, and STAT5 pathways. Although imatinib is the standard treatment for Ph+ leukemia, response rate of Ph+ ALL to imatinib is low, relapse is frequent and quick. Studies have documented the potential anti-tumor activities of curcumin. However, whether curcumin can be used in the therapy for Ph+ ALL remains obscure. Here, we reported that curcumin induced apoptosis by inhibition of AKT/mTOR and ABL/STAT5 signaling, down-regulation of BCR/ABL expression, and induction of the BCL2/BAX imbalance. Curcumin exerted synergetic anti-leukemia effects with imatinib by inhibition of the imatinib-mediated overactivation of AKT/mTOR signaling and down-regulation of BCR/ABL gene expression. In primary samples from Ph+ ALL patients, curcumin inhibited cellular proliferation and down-regulated constitutive activation of growth-signaling pathways not only in newly diagnosed patients but also in imatinib-resistant patients. In Ph+ ALL mouse models, curcumin exhibited synergetic anti-leukemia effects with imatinib. These results demonstrated that curcumin might be a promising agent for Ph+ ALL patients.

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