β-phenethyl isothiocyanate induces cell death in human osteosarcoma. - GreenMedInfo Summary
-Phenethyl Isothiocyanate Induces Cell Death in Human Osteosarcoma through Altering Iron Metabolism, Disturbing the Redox Balance, and Activating the MAPK Signaling Pathway.
Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2020 ;2020:5021983. Epub 2020 Apr 4. PMID: 32322335
Osteosarcoma is the most common primary malignancy of the skeleton in children and adults. The outcomes of people with osteosarcomas are unsatisfied.-Phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC) exhibits chemoprevention and chemotherapeutic activities against many human cancers. The molecular mechanism underlying its action on osteosarcoma is still unknown. This study was aimed at investigating the effect of PEITC on human osteosarcoma bothand. The results showed that PEITC reduced cell viability, inhibited proliferation, and caused G/M cell cycle arrest in four human osteosarcoma cell lines (MNNG/HOS, U-2 OS, MG-63, and 143B). Then, we found that PEITC altered iron metabolism related to the processes of iron import, storage, and export, which resulted in increased labile iron. Expectedly, PEITC caused oxidative stress as a consequence of GSH depletion-inducing ROS generation and lipid peroxidation. Multiple cell death modalities, including ferroptosis, apoptosis, and autophagy, were triggered in human osteosarcoma cells. Three MAPKs (ERK, p38, and JNK) were all activated after PEITC treatment; however, they presented different responses among the four human osteosarcoma cell lines. ROS generation was proved to be the major cause of PEITC-induced decreased proliferative potential, altered iron metabolism, cell death, and activated MAPKs in human osteosarcoma cells. In addition, PEITC also significantly delayed tumor growth in a xenograft osteosarcoma mouse model with a 30 mg/kg administration dose. In conclusion, this study reveals that PEITC simultaneously triggers ferroptosis, apoptosis, and autophagy in human osteosarcoma cells by inducing oxidative stress.