Phenol-Rich(Pineapple Guava) Extracts Protect Human Red Blood Cells from Mercury-Induced Cellular Toxicity.
Antioxidants (Basel). 2019 Jul 11 ;8(7). Epub 2019 Jul 11. PMID: 31336755
Plant polyphenols, with broadly known antioxidant properties, represent very effective agents against environmental oxidative stressors, including mercury. This heavy metal irreversibly binds thiol groups, sequestering endogenous antioxidants, such as glutathione. Increased incidence of food-derived mercury is cause for concern, given the many severe downstream effects, ranging from kidney to cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, the possible beneficial properties ofagainst mercury toxicity were tested using intact human red blood cells (RBC) incubated in the presence of HgCl. Here, we show that phenol-rich (10-200µg/mL) extracts from thefruit potently protect against mercury-induced toxicity and oxidative stress. Peel and pulp extracts are both able to counteract the oxidative stress and thiol decrease induced in RBC by mercury treatment. Nonetheless, the peel extract had a greater protective effect compared to the pulp, although to a different extent for the different markers analyzed, which is at least partially due to the greater proportion and diversity of polyphenols in the peel. Furthermore,extracts also prevent mercury-induced morphological changes, which are known to enhance the pro-coagulant activity of these cells. These novel findings provide biochemical bases for the pharmacological use of-based functional foods in preventing and combating mercury-related illnesses.