Phenolic compounds within virgin olive oil inhibit LDL cholesterol oxidation. - GreenMedInfo Summary
[Effect of phenolic compounds of virgin olive oil on LDL oxidation resistance].
Med Clin (Barc). 2003 Feb 8;120(4):128-31. PMID: 12605836
Unidad de Lípidos y Arteriosclerosis. Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía. Córdoba. España.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several epidemiological and experimental studies have associated the intake of antioxidants, which are abundant in the Mediterranean diet, with a low incidence of cardiovascular disease. One possible mechanism of this action is the oxidative protection in low density lipoproteins (LDL). The aim of our study was to compare the antioxidative activity of diverse phenolic compounds present in virgin olive oil on these lipoproteins. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: LDL was isolated from blood plasma of healthy volunteers by sequential ultracentrifugation. This was followed by oxidation with CuC12 in the presence of different concentrations of phenolic compounds and virgin olive oil extract. Production of conjugated dienes was determined by the continuous monitoring of increased absorbency at 234 nm as an indicator of LDL oxidation. RESULTS: Virgin olive oil extract prolonged the latency phase and significantly lowered the progression rate (p<0.05) at low concentrations (2 g/ml). This antioxidative effect was also observed with low concentrations (2 M) of caffeic acid and oleuropein (p<0.05). However, it was necessary to increase the concentration of flavone up to 50 times to observe a similar effect (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Both virgin olive oil extract enriched in phenolic compounds and phenolic compounds present in olive oil (caffeic acid and oleuropein) are potent antioxidants at very low concentrations. Thus, the beneficial effects of a Mediterranean diet may be partly due to the protective action of these compounds.