Photobiomodulation associated to cellular therapy improve wound healing of experimental full thickness burn wounds in rats.
J Photochem Photobiol B. 2019 May ;194:174-182. Epub 2019 Apr 10. PMID: 30999165
Adipose derived stromal vascular fraction (SVF) is a method of cell therapy potentially applicable for treatment of full thickness burns. Here we investigated if the association of photobiomodulation (PBM) with SVF therapy could improve wound healing in experimentally induced full thickness burn wounds in rats compared to the topical agent 2% silver sulfadiazine in a dose-dependent manner. Sixty-six male Wistar rats were divided in 4 groups containing 5 animals each which received the following treatments: 2% sulfadiazine (SD), SVF, SVF plus PBM at 30 mW (SVFL30), and SVF plus PBM at 100 mW (SVFL100). Two donor animals were used for each experimental series with 3, 7 and 30 days. Digital photography, microscopic analysis with Hematoxilin and Eosin (H&E), quantification of collagen type I by picrosirius red staining analysis and wound contraction evaluation were performed in order to quantify the results. At day 3 SVF alone or combined with PBM promoted increased early inflammatory response compared to SD. At day 7 SVFL30 and SVFL100 enhanced inflammatory cells infiltration, angiogenesis and fibroblast content compared to SVF and SD groups. At day 30 collagen concentration and wound contraction were higher in SVFL30 when compared to the other groups. In conclusion PBM promotes a synergistic outcome with SVF therapy with a dose dependent effect potentializing wound healing of experimental full thickness burns in rats through amplification of early inflammatory response, enhanced angiogenesis, fibroblast content, accentuated wound contraction and collagen concentration.