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Abstract Title:

[Exercise for depression treatment. Physiological mechanisms].

Abstract Source:

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova. 2019 ;119(7):112-119. PMID: 31464298

Abstract Author(s):

V V Gultyaeva, M I Zinchenko, D Y Uryumtsev, S G Krivoschekov, L I Aftanas

Article Affiliation:

V V Gultyaeva

Abstract:

This literature review considers meta-analyzes, systematic reviews and original research over the last decade addressing a comprehensive analysis of the antidepressant effect of targeted physical exercise and physical activity in general. Exercise is a promising non-pharmacological treatment for depression, showing effects that are comparable or may even exceed other first-line treatments of depression. The article introduces modern ideas about the mechanisms of depression and mechanisms of exercise effects on depression manifestations. The structures of the central nervous system, changing with the effective exercise-based treatment of depression, are indicated. Physical activity stimulates the secretion of growth factors, maintenance of angio-, synapto-, and neurogenesis. The regulation of antioxidant protection of neuronal mitochondria, a decrease in pro-inflammatory reactions and stress reactivity are also observed in response to regular exercise. Physical activity has a multimodal effect that stimulates biochemical pathways and restores neuronal structures disturbed in depression.

Study Type : Review

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Sayer Ji
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