Physical exercise as kynurenine pathway modulator in chronic diseases. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Physical Exercise as Kynurenine Pathway Modulator in Chronic Diseases: Implications for Immune and Energy Homeostasis.
Int J Tryptophan Res. 2020 ;13:1178646920938688. Epub 2020 Jul 8. PMID: 32684749
Emerging evidence highlights the substantial role of the kynurenine pathway in various physiological systems and pathological conditions. Physical exercise has been shown to impact the kynurenine pathway in response to both single (acute) and multiple (chronic) exercise training stimuli. In this perspective article, we briefly outline the current knowledge concerning exercise-induced modulations of the kynurenine pathway and discuss underlying mechanisms. Furthermore, we expose the potential involvement of exercise-induced kynurenine pathway modulations on energy homeostasis (eg, through de novo synthesis of NAD) and finally suggest how these modulations may contribute to exercise-induced benefits in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases.