Piceatannol inhibits P. acnes-induced keratinocyte proliferation and migration. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Piceatannol Inhibits P. acnes-Induced Keratinocyte Proliferation and Migration by Downregulating Oxidative Stress and the Inflammatory Response.
Inflammation. 2019 Nov 14. Epub 2019 Nov 14. PMID: 31728743
The Cutibacterium acnes (also called Propionibacterium acnes, P. acnes)-induced proliferation and migration of keratinocytes contribute to acne vulgaris (AV), which is a common inflammatory skin disease that causes physical and psychological impairments. Piceatannol (3, 5, 3', 4'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene, PCT) is naturally present in many human diets and plays antioxidant and anti-inflammatory roles that inhibit cell proliferation and migration. We aimed to analyse the functions and underlying mechanisms of PCT in P. acnes-stimulated keratinocytes. First, PCT showed no toxicity against the normal human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT but inhibited P. acnes-induced HaCaT cell proliferation. Next, PCT promoted the nuclear translocation and target gene transcription of the antioxidant transcription factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), thereafter decreasing intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. In addition, PCT inhibited the nuclear translocation of p65 [a subunit of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)] and the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-8 (IL-8). Finally, a transfection assay showed that PCT inhibited P. acnes-induced HaCaT cell proliferation and migration by activating the antioxidant Nrf2 pathway and inhibiting the inflammatory NF-κB pathway. Our data suggested that PCT alleviated P. acnes-induced HaCaT cell proliferation and migration through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory roles, suggesting the potential of PCT to treat AV.