n/a
Abstract Title:

The grape and wine polyphenol piceatannol is a potent inducer of apoptosis in human SK-Mel-28 melanoma cells.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Nutr. 2004 Oct ;43(5):275-84. Epub 2004 Jan 12. PMID: 15309446

Abstract Author(s):

Mar Larrosa, Francisco A Tomás-Barberán, Juan Carlos Espín

Article Affiliation:

Mar Larrosa

Abstract:

BACKGROUND & AIM: The resveratrol analogue piceatannol (3,5,3',4'-tetrahydroxy- trans-stilbene; PICE) is a polyphenol present in grapes and wine. PICE is a protein kinase inhibitor that modifies multiple cellular targets exerting immunosuppressive, antileukemic and antitumorigenic activities in several cell lines and animal models. The present work aims to evaluate the antimelanoma effect of PICE on human melanoma cells for the first time. To this purpose, the pro-apoptotic capacity, uptake and metabolism of PICE as well as its effect on cell cycle and cyclins A, E and B1 expression will be studied.

METHODS: . Human SK-Mel-28 melanoma cells were incubated with PICE (1-200 microM) for 72 hours. Cell cycle and viability were examined using flow cytometry analysis. Apoptosis was determined using the annexin V assay and also by fluorescence microscopy. Cyclins A, E and B1 were detected by Western blotting. Stability, cellular uptake and metabolism of PICE were evaluated using HPLC-DAD-MS-MS.

RESULTS: The lowest PICE concentration assayed (1 microM) increased about 6-fold over the control the apoptotic population of melanoma cells (10.2% at 8 hours which remained constant during 48 h). 100 microM PICE induced 13% apoptosis at 8 h increasing up to 41.5% at 48 h. The decrease in cell viability was highly correlated with the increase of apoptotic cells ( R = 0.996; P<0.0001) revealing that significant cytotoxic, unspecific effects did not occur in melanoma cells upon incubation with PICE. Cell cycle was arrested at G(2) phase which was supported by the down-regulation of cyclins A, E and B1. Two methyl-PICE derived metabolites, 3,5,4'-trihydroxy-3'-methoxy- trans-stilbene and 3,5,3'-trihydroxy-4'-methoxy- trans-stilbene (corresponding to 36% of the initially PICE added) were excreted by cells to the medium. The same methyl-PICE derivatives were also found inside the cells (0.01% of the initially PICE added; 0.0183 picograms/cell).

CONCLUSION: The antimelanoma properties of dietary piceatannol cannot be ruled out taking into account its fast and potent pro-apoptotic capacity at low concentration (1 microM).

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.