Piceatannol suppresses TNF-α shedding in U937 cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Suppression of Akt/Foxp3-mediated miR-183 expression blocks Sp1-mediated ADAM17 expression and TNFα-mediated NFκB activation in piceatannol-treated human leukemia U937 cells.
Biochem Pharmacol. 2012 Sep 1 ;84(5):670-80. Epub 2012 Jun 15. PMID: 22705645
To address the mechanism of piceatannol in inhibiting TNFα-mediated pathway, studies on piceatannol-treated human leukemia U937 cells were conducted. Piceatannol treatment reduced TNFα shedding and NFκB activation and decreased the release of soluble TNFα into the culture medium of U937 cells. Moreover, ADAM17 expression was down-regulated in piceatannol-treated cells. Over-expression of ADAM17 abrogated the ability of piceatannol to suppress TNFα-mediated NFκB activation. Piceatannol-evoked β-TrCP up-regulation promoted Sp1 degradation, thus reducing transcriptional level of ADAM17 gene in U937 cells. Piceatannol treatment induced p38 MAPK phosphorylation but inactivation of Akt and ERK. In contrast to p38 MAPK inhibitor or restoration of ERK activation, transfection of constitutive active Akt abolished the effect of piceatannol on β-TrCP, Sp1 and ADAM17 expression. Piceatannol-elicited down-regulation of miR-183 expression was foundto cause β-TrCP up-regulation. Inactivation of Akt resulted in Foxp3 down-regulation and reduced miR-183 expression in piceatannol-treated cells. Knock-down of Foxp3 and chromatin immunoprecipitating revealed that Foxp3 genetically regulated transcription of miR-183 gene. Taken together, our data indicate that suppression of Akt/Foxp3-mediated miR-183 expression blocks Sp1-mediated ADAM17 expression in piceatannol-treated U937 cells. Consequently, piceatannol suppresses TNFα shedding, leading to inhibition of TNFα/NFκB pathway.