Piperine could be a promising candidate an antimalarial treatment. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Antimalarial Activity of Piperine.
J Trop Med. 2018 ;2018:9486905. Epub 2018 Dec 6. PMID: 30631371
Malaria remains a public health problem in tropical and subtropical regions. Resistance ofto artemisinins in Southeast Asia is a great concern for disease control and research on discovery and development of new alternative antimalarial drugs is urgently required. In a previous study, the fruit ofHunt. was demonstrated to exhibit promising antimalarial activity against the asexual stage of 3D7 (chloroquine-sensitive) and K1 (chloroquine-resistant)clones. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the antimalarial activity of piperine, the major isolated constituent ofHunt. fruits against bothclones. The antimalarial activity was determined using SYBR green-I-based assay and morphological change was observed under the light microscope with Giemsa staining. The median IC(concentration that inhibits parasite growth by 50%) values of piperine against 3D7 and K1were 111.5 and 59M, respectively. A marked change in parasite morphology was observed within 48 hours of piperine exposure. Results of real-time PCR showed no effect of piperine on modulating the expression of the three genes associated with antimalarial drug resistance in,.,,, and. Piperine could be a promising candidate for further development as an antimalarial drug based on its antimalarial potency and low risk of resistance development.