Piperine protects against cisplatin-induced toxicity in auditory cells. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Piperine protects cisplatin-induced apoptosis via heme oxygenase-1 induction in auditory cells.
J Nutr Biochem. 2007 Sep;18(9):615-22. Epub 2007 Apr 5. PMID: 17418561
Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Chonbuk 570-749, Republic of Korea.
Piperine is a major component of black pepper, Piper nigrum Linn, used widely in traditional medicine. In this study, we examined whether piperine could protect House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti 1 (HEI-OC1) cells against cisplatin-induced apoptosis through the induction of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 expression. Piperine (10-100 microM) induced the expression of HO-1 in dose- and time-dependent manners. Piperine also induced antioxidant response element-luciferase and translocated nuclear factor-E2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) to nucleus. Piperine activated the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, and the JNK pathway played an important role in piperine-induced HO-1 expression. Piperine protected the cells against cisplatin-induced apoptosis. The protective effect of piperine was abrogated by zinc protoporphyrin IX, an HO inhibitor, and antisense oligodeoxynucleotides against HO-1 gene. These results demonstrate that the expression of HO-1 by piperine is mediated by both JNK pathway and Nrf2, and the expression inhibits cisplatin-induced apoptosis in HEI-OC1 cells.