Abstract Title:

Comparison of the effects of policosanol and atorvastatin on lipid profile and platelet aggregation in patients with dyslipidaemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Abstract Source:

Clin Drug Investig. 2003;23(10):639-50. PMID: 17535079

Abstract Author(s):

Gladys Castaño, Lilia Fernández, Rosa Mas, José Illnait, Meylin Mesa, J C Fernández


Policosanol is a cholesterol-lowering drug, purified from sugarcane wax, with a therapeutic range of 5-20 mg/day, which significantly reduces LDL-C levels. Atorvastatin is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor that, across its dose range (10-80 mg/day), has shown significantly greater lipid-lowering effects than all previously marketed statins. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on lipid profile and platelet aggregation of policosanol and atorvastatin in patients with dyslipidaemia due to type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of therapy, policosanol significantly lowered LDL-C by 25.7% (p < 0.0001 versus baseline) and total cholesterol (TC) by 18.2% (p < 0.001 versus baseline). In turn, atorvastatin 10 mg/day decreased LDL-C by 41.9% and TC by 31.5% (p < 0.0001 versus baseline). Atorvastatin was more effective than policosanol in reducing LDL-C and TC (p < 0.001). Policosanol also significantly reduced the TC/high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (25.2%; p < 0.0001) and triglycerides (15.6%; p < 0.001), while atorvastatin lowered TC/HDL-C by 30.5% (p < 0.0001) and triglycerides by 13.9% (p < 0.001); the reductions on these variables were similar in the two groups. Policosanol, but not atorvastatin, significantly increased HDL-C (11.1%; p < 0.01), the effect being significantly different from that of atorvastatin (p < 0.0001). Also, policosanol, but not atorvastatin, significantly inhibited platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid 0.75 and 1.5 mmol/L (39.0% and 33.3%, respectively) and by collagen 0.25 and 0.5 mug/mL (15.7% and 28.5%, respectively) [p < 0.001]. CONCLUSION: Policosanol (10 mg/day) for 8 weeks was less effective than similar doses of atorvastatin in reducing LDL-C and TC in patients with dyslipidaemia due to type 2 diabetes, but more effective in increasing HDL-C. Both drugs similarly reduced the TC/HDL-C ratio and triglycerides. Policosanol showed additional advantages regarding inhibition of platelet aggregation. Nevertheless, further studies of longer duration and using dose-titration schemes to achieve LDL-C goals are needed for wider conclusions about the respective effects of these two drugs in such a population subset.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.