Polyphenolic-polysaccharide conjugates from flowers and fruits of single-seeded hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.): Chemical profiles and mechanisms of anticoagulant activity.
Int J Biol Macromol. 2018 Sep ;116:869-879. Epub 2018 May 17. PMID: 29777813
The polyphenolic-polysaccharide conjugates were isolated from flowers and fruits of medicinal plant Crataegus monogyna Jacq. (Lindm.) by the alkaline extraction, followed by neutralization, partitioning with organic solvents and dialysis against water. The isolates from flowers as well as from fruits were homogenous macromolecular compounds, with a molecular weight over 760 × 10 g/mol and 970 × 10 g/mol, respectively, what was assessed in HPGPC analysis. Both products were characterized spectrophotometrically, and by GLC-MS, FT-IR and NMR techniques. They were composed of polyphenolic matrices containing some flavonoid units and of polysaccharide structures rich in galacturonic acid with low esterification degree. Moreover, galactose, glucose, rhamnose and arabinose residues, with different proportions of monosaccharides were present, depending on the type of the starting plant material. Both plant preparations were able to prolong the plasma coagulation process in vitro tests, evenat the concentration of 31.25 μg/mL. However, they differed in the mechanisms of the activity, where only the product isolated from flowers of C. monogyna was highly selective in its action. It was mainly the non-direct inhibitor of factor Xa, mediated by antithrombin, where such mechanism of activity is typical for highly sulfated glycosaminoglycans.