Polysaccharide from black currant stimulates dendritic cells through TLR4 signalling. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Polysaccharide from black currant (L.) stimulates dendritic cells through TLR4 signaling.
Biosci Microbiota Food Health. 2017 ;36(4):141-145. Epub 2017 Jul 4. PMID: 29038769
Black currant () has various beneficial properties for human health. In particular, polysaccharide from black currant was found to be an immunostimulating food ingredient and was reported to have antitumor activity in a mouse model. We named it cassis polysaccharide (CAPS). In a previous study, CAPS administration caused tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) productionand, but the immunological mechanism of CAPS was not demonstrated. In this study, we revealed the CAPS immunostimulating mechanism. First, we found that CAPS activated dendritic cells (DCs). Second, we investigated whether it depends on Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and myeloid differentiation primary response (Myd). We concluded that CAPS stimulates DCs through Myd88 depending TLR4 signaling and activates Th1-type cytokine release.