Polysorbate 80 can have profound effects on cardiac dynamics. - GreenMedInfo Summary
Cardiovascular effects of radioactive microsphere suspensions and Tween 80 solutions.
Am J Physiol. 1977 Mar ;232(3):H331-4. PMID: 842689
R W Millard
The cardiovascular effects of two concentrations of Tween 80 (polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate), a surface-active agent commonly used to prevent aggregation of radionuclide-labeled microspheres, were examined in conscious dogs. Two types of adverse reactions were noted. The first (Type A) consisted of reductions in cardiac dimensions as well as hypotension and tachycardia. The second (Type B) was less severe and involved only a decrease in cardiac dimensions with no change in left ventricular systolic pressure or heart rate. A 10% dextran solution with .05 +/- .02% Tween 80 injected into the left atrium caused systemic and/or cardiac alterations in all four dogs studied. Administration of a lower concentration of Tween 80 (0.01 +/- 0.005%), which was the minimum concentration necessary to prevent aggregation of microspheres, induced adverse reactions in 6 of 41 dogs studied. Subsequent administration of this concentration of Tween 80 on the same day rarely induced adverse reactions. Thus, care must be exercised in application of microsphere techniques to organ blood flow measurements when Tween 80 is used to prevent microsphere aggregation, since this surface-active agent causes profound alterations in cardiac dynamics in concentrations normally employed in experiments involving microsphere techniques.