Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

n/a
Abstract Title:

Omega-3 fatty acids as a treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Abstract Source:

Clin Nutr. 2016 Dec 23. Epub 2016 Dec 23. PMID: 28040302

Abstract Author(s):

Lian-Hui Chen, Yong-Fen Wang, Qing-Hong Xu, Shan-Shan Chen

Article Affiliation:

Lian-Hui Chen

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: The most typical chronic liver disease in children and adolescents is non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The dietary addition ofω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) provides a promising therapy for children with NAFLD due to its convenience and safety; however, several studies suggested contradictory results for PUFA supplementation in children. Hence, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of PUFA supplementation in children with NAFLD.

METHODS: Published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effectiveness of the dietary addition of PUFA in children with NAFLD were considered. The primary result was the alteration in hepatic steatosis grade on ultrasound after treatment. The secondary outcomes included alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), C-reactive protein (CRP) and components of metabolic syndrome. Predefined sensitivity analysis was also performed to explore possible explanations for heterogeneity in the evaluations.

RESULTS: In total, 4 studies with 263 subjects were identified. PUFA supplementation was associated with significantly improved hepatic steatosis grade on ultrasound (risk difference: 25%, 95% CI: 12-38%), without heterogeneity (P = 0.27, I(2) = 24%). Sensitivity analysis confirmed the robustness of our findings. PUFA supplementation could decrease AST levels after 6 months, but could only reduce ALT levels after 12 months. PUFA did not have a significant effect on most components of metabolic syndrome and the CRP level.

CONCLUSION: ω-3 PUFA supplementation can improve liver steatosis and liver functions, and it is a potential food supplementation to treat NAFLD in children.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2019 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.