Pomegranate leaf extract attenuates lung inflammation in mice with acute lung injury. - GreenMedInfo Summary
L. Leaf Extract Attenuates Lung Inflammation in Mice with Acute Lung Injury.
J Immunol Res. 2018 ;2018:6879183. Epub 2018 Feb 20. PMID: 29675437
Aruanã Joaquim Matheus Costa Rodrigues Pinheiro
The hydroalcoholic extract of(pomegranate) leaves was previously demonstrated to be anti-inflammatory in a rat model of lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced acute peritonitis. Here, we investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of the ethyl acetate fraction obtained from the pomegranate leaf hydroalcoholic extract (EAFPg) on the LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) mouse model. Male Swiss mice received either EAFPg at different doses or dexamethasone (per os) prior to LPS intranasal instillation. Vehicle-treated mice were used as controls. Animals were culled at 4 h after LPS challenge, and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung samples were collected for analysis. EAFPg and kaempferol effects on NO and cytokine production by LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages were also investigated. Pretreatment with EAFPg (100-300 mg/kg) markedly reduced cell accumulation (specially neutrophils) and collagen deposition in the lungs of ALI mice. The same animals presented with reduced lung and BALF TNF-and IL-1expression in comparison with vehicle controls (<0.05). Additionally, incubation with either EAFPg or kaempferol (100 g/ml) reduced NO production and cytokine gene expression in cultured LPS-treated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Overall, these results demonstrate that the prophylactic treatment with EAFPg attenuates acute lung inflammation. We suggest this fraction may be useful in treating ALI.