Poncirin downregulates ATP-binding cassette transporters to enhance cisplatin sensitivity in cisplatin-resistant osteosarcoma cells.
Phytother Res. 2020 Aug 11. Epub 2020 Aug 11. PMID: 32779800
Poncirin, a flavanone glycoside with bitter taste extracted from dried immature fruit of Poncirus trifoliate, exhibits multiple biological activities including anti-tumor activity. Our study aimed to determine the effect and potential mechanism of poncirin on cisplatin resistance in osteosarcoma (OS) cells. CCK-8, flow cytometry analysis, and caspase-3/7 activity assays were used to evaluate cisplatin sensitivity. The expression changes of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1), multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway-related proteins were detected by RT-qPCR or western blot analyses. Results showed that poncirin exposure enhanced cisplatin sensitivity, promoted apoptosis, and increased caspase-3/7 activity in cisplatin-resistant OS cells. Poncirin decreased the expression levels of MDR1, MRP1, and BCRP, and inhibited the PI3K/Akt signaling in OS cells. Rescue experiments suggested that activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling by 740Y-P abolished poncirin-induced expression reduction of MDR1, MRP1, and BCRP, and attenuated the facilitative effects of poncirin on cisplatin sensitivity and apoptosis in cisplatin-resistant OS cells. In summary, poncirin suppressed cisplatin resistance in cisplatin-resistant OS cells by downregulating the expression of MDR1, MRP1, and BCRP through inhibiting the PI3K/Akt pathway.