Poncirin, an orally active flavonoid exerts antidiabetic complications and improves glucose uptake activating PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in insulin resistant C2C12 cells with anti-glycation capacities.
Bioorg Chem. 2020 Sep ;102:104061. Epub 2020 Jun 30. PMID: 32653611
Md Yousof Ali
Poncirin, a natural flavanone glycoside present abundantly in many citrus fruits, contains an extensive range of biological activities. However, the antidiabetic mechanism of poncirin is unexplored yet. In this study, we examined the anti-diabetic prospective of poncirin by evaluating its ability to inhibit protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B),α-glucosidase, human recombinant AR (HRAR), rat lens aldose reductase (RLAR), and advanced glycation end-product (AGE) formation (IC = 7.76 ± 0.21, 21.31 ± 1.26, 3.56 ± 0.33, 11.91 ± 0.21, and 3.23 ± 0.09 µM, respectively). Kinetics data and docking studies showed the lowest binding energy and highestaffinityforthemixed and competitivetypeof inhibitorsof poncirin. Moreover, the molecular mechanisms underlyingthe antidiabetic outcomes of poncirin in insulin resistant C2C12 skeletal muscle cells were explored, which significantly increased glucose uptake and decreased the expression of PTP1B in C2C12 cells. Consequently, poncirin increased GLUT-4 expression level by activating the IRS-1/PI3K/Akt/GSK-3 signaling pathway. Moreover, poncirin (0.5-50 µM) remarkably inhibited the formation of fluorescent AGE, nonfluorescent CML, fructosamine, and β-cross amyloid structures in glucose-fructose-induced BSA glycation during 4 weeks of study. Poncirin also notably prevented protein oxidation demonstratedwith decreasing the protein carbonyl and the consumption of protein thiol in the dose-dependent manner. The results clearly expressed the promising activity of poncirin for the therapy of diabetes and its related complications.