A possible mechanism of inhibition of U87MG and SH-SY5Y cancer cell proliferation by diallyl trisulfide and other aspects of its activity.
Amino Acids. 2017 Aug 29. Epub 2017 Aug 29. PMID: 28852876
The study was conducted to elucidate the mechanism of antiproliferative and antioxidative action of diallyl trisulfide (DATS), a garlic-derived organosulfur compound. Changes in the L-cysteine desulfuration, and the levels of cystathionine and non-protein thiols in DATS-treated human glioblastoma (U87MG) and neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cells were investigated. The inhibition of proliferation of the investigated cells by DATS was correlated with an increase in the inactivated form of Bcl-2. In U87MG cells, an increased level of sulfane sulfur and an increased activity of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (MPST) and rhodanese, the enzymes involved in sulfane sulfur generation and transfer, suggest that DATS can function as a donor of sulfane sulfur atom, transferred by sulfurtransferases, to sulfhydryl groups of cysteine residues of Bcl-2 and in this way lower the level of active form of Bcl-2 by S-sulfuration. Diallyl trisulfide antioxidative effects result from an increased level of cystathionine, a precursor of cysteine, and an increased glutathione level. MPST and rhodanese, the level of which is increased in the presence of DATS, can serve as antioxidant proteins.